CANADA’S EXPRESS ENTRY PROGRAM – HOW DOES IT WORK FOR ME?
Canada’s immigration program has changed. Keeping up with the times, Canada has introduced the Express Entry Program. This completely electronic program involves the federal government, all the provincial governments and Canadian employers acting in conjunction to create and maintain opportunities for immigrant candidates to become eligible to immigrate to Canada.
IMMIGRATE TO CANADA – CANDIDATE ELIGIBILITY
In order to be eligible to come and pass through Canada; study or work in Canada or live permanently in Canada, you may be asked some questions, by government immigration officers, such as the following:
- Your Nationality
- Your Age
- Language Comprehension
- Members in the Family
- Your Education Level
- Your Work Experience
- Your Income and/or Net Worth
- Details on any Job offer
Based on the answers you supply; a candidate may be eligible to apply for qualified programs that the immigrant candidate and their family could be eligible. For this reason, it is imperative to answer every question as completely and accurately as possible.
By completing a Canada Visa Assessment Form, a candidate will be able to determine whether or not they are eligible to enter the Express Entry pool.
If, as an immigrant candidate, you are a skilled worker, you can apply to immigrate to Canada through the Express Entry System, where the federal and provincial governments work in conjunction with Canadian employers to assist potential new immigrant candidates to apply to be put into an Express Entry pool.
Candidates will wait in the Express Entry pool until there are career openings sponsored by Canadian employers. Once there are appropriate openings for careers; immigrants, as potential employees, are elevated in the immigration process.
The Express Entry Program is not the IMMIGRATION PROCESS, but it is a process used by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to choose potential candidates to immigrate to Canada.
Canadian employers looking for Skilled Workers can use this system as well to apply to hire skilled foreign workers. Skilled Workers can use the system to propose interest in immigrating Canada.
Canada’s Express Entry Program is used by Canadian Immigration to aid in the choosing of eligible immigrant candidates according to their score in the pool of eligible immigrant workers.
WHAT DOES EXPRESS ENTRY DO FOR MY CANDIDACY?
- Helps to get a candidate into Canada faster
- Links eligible candidates with eligible employers
- Eliminates the need for certain paperwork
HOW DOES EXPRESS ENTRY WORK?
With the use of a completely electronic process, Express Entry applicants are assessed and awarded a score, based on their skills, age, education, language ability, work experience and other factors. This score will be used by the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), which is a point-based system used to determine candidate immigration eligibility.
Applications for Express Entry must be declared through the Express Entry Profile System on the Citizen and Immigration Canada (CIC) online portal. Candidates having a Canadian job offer will qualify for more points, thereby increasing the chance of receiving an invitation to apply. If a candidate does not already have a Canadian job offer or a Provincial Nomination, the candidate is required to create a Job Bank profile after the creation of an Express Entry profile.
CANDIDATES FOR EXPRESS ENTRY
HOW DO I KNOW IF I MEET EXPRESS ENTRY REQUIREMENTS?
Express Entry: As a candidate, I need to know if I meet the eligibility requirement qualifications?
Find Out Here.
HOW DO I IMPROVE MY EXPRESS ENTRY RANKING?
Express Entry: As a candidate, I have already submitted an Express Entry profile. How do I improve my ranking?
Find Out How Here.
HOW DO I APPLY AFTER I RECEIVE MY INVITATION?
Express Entry: Received your invitation for Express Entry?
Process your application Here.
Canada’s New Express Entry Immigration Selection System Aims to Help Immigration Candidates Get Through the Immigration Process Faster and Easier.
Canada’s new Express Entry Program is not a direct immigration program. However, it is an assistance program, used by IMMIGRATION, REFUGEES AND CITIZENSHIP CANADA (IRCC) to help select possible immigration candidates in the following economic immigration programs; immigrate to Canada:
- FEDERAL SKILLED WORKER CLASS: As an immigration candidate, you are a skilled worker or entrepreneur.
- FEDERAL SKILLED TRADES CLASS: As an immigration candidate you are a skilled trades worker.
- CANADIAN EXPERIENCE CLASS: As an immigration candidate you are already in Canada or have already worked in Canada as a Temporary Foreign Worker, or you have already settled in Canada during the course of your Canadian education.
FEDERAL SKILLED WORKER CLASS: ELIGIBILITY
Applicants must have eligibility for a Canada Immigration Visa (Permanent Resident):
Federal Skilled Worker:
The federal skilled worker class represents a sector of professional occupations where current eligible groups consist of:
- Registered Nurse
- Master of Nursing
- Business Manager
- Shore Captain
- Candidates must have a minimum of one year of continuous full-time employment or this minimum work experience requirement in the past ten years of paid work in a skilled occupation, (as described in National Occupational Classification, skill level NOC 0, A or B occupation); or
- Candidates qualify for and have a full-time permanent job offer from a Canadian employer, (as described as Arranged Employment in Canada and have obtained a Labour Market Impact Assessment); and
- Candidates must pass and show a minimum language proficiency in one of two of Canada’s official languages, English or French.
In addition, Candidates of the Federal Skilled Worker (Professional) class – must also pass their own point-based selection criteria, with a minimum of 67 points in order for the application to be processed further. Selection criteria is based on Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada’s (IRCC) immigration sector factors as follow:
- Education: Candidates can be awarded a total of 25 points for formal education. Points are awarded for a post-secondary education program for both applicant and spouse. Education must be verified by appointed Canadian Authorities. Without a Canadian education, an Educational Credential Assessment is required.
- Language Skills: Candidates can be awarded a total of 28 total points (24-first official language, 4-second official language). Achievement in CLB 7 in all four language requirements for either English or French – needed by both applicant and spouse for proven English/French ability.
- Work Experience: Candidates can be awarded a total of 15 points for certain paid, skilled work experience they have acquired in the last ten years, minimum threshold score is 9 points in order to qualify. At least one year, (1560 hours total/ 30 hours week), of continuous full-time or an equal time of part-time work. Employment must be during the last ten years. Employment is to be Paid work, in the same job. Volunteer work or unpaid internships do not count, to be considered for this category.
- Age: Candidates can be awarded a total of 12 points based on age at the time of application. Maximum points are awarded for career ages between 18 and 35.
- Arranged Employment: Candidates can be awarded a total of 10 points if they have arranged or have been offered employment in Canada that meets certain assessment requirements. Points are awarded for a valid job offer only after confirmation by a Labour Market Impact Assessment. Some employment offers may not need to be confirmed by a LMIA. Without a valid job offer, proof of settlement funds is required for the applicant and all accompanying family members.
- Adaptability: Candidates can be awarded a total of 10 points for factors which show they are adaptable, and willing to move to Canada. One factor could be the desire to move to a particular Canadian Province.
- Relatives: points can be awarded for a candidate who has blood relatives already living in Canada
- Work and or/study in Canada: points can be awarded.
FEDERAL SKILLED TRADES WORKER CLASS: ELIGIBILITY
Applicants must have eligibility for a Canada Immigration Visa (Permanent Resident):
Federal Skilled Trades Worker:
The federal skilled trades class represents a sector of technical occupations where current eligible groups consist of:
- Equipment Operations,
- Utilities Supervisors
- Control Operators
- Technical jobs in natural resources,
- Agriculture and related production,
- Chefs, cooks, butchers and bakers
To be eligible for the Skilled Trades program, Express Entry candidates must have:
- 2 years of fulltime experience within the last 5 years;
- CLB 5 in speaking and listening and CLB 4 in reading and writing;
- A verified job offer; OR
- A certificate of qualification issued by a Canadian province;
- Meet all job requirements for that occupation according to the NOC classification
CANADIAN EXPERIENCE CLASS: ELIGIBILITY
Program eligibility for this class pertain to international students who have also obtained a post-graduate work permit and have worked for at least one year, in the same field of work as their course of study, within the past three years.
- Candidates can use their Canadian work experience in a NOC 0, A or B occupation to apply for this program.
- NOC 0 or A candidates require a language ability of CLB 7. NOC B candidates require a CLB 5.
Canada houses and employs many Temporary Foreign Workers (TFW). The Canadian Experience Class (CEC) is an immigration category for those Temporary Foreign Workers who wish to become permanent residents.
Temporary Foreign Workers (TFW) are ideal candidates for Canadian immigration as permanent residence immigrants. Because Temporary Foreign Workers have obtained Canadian work experience, these individuals have settled into our Canadian society. They have established important networks in their communities and their careers.
For immigration to Canada, Canadian Experience Class applications are processed through the Canada’s Express Entry Program. Eligible candidates must make an Expression of Interest in immigrating to Canada.
Candidates can create an online Express Entry profile, in order to receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence prior to making an application for the Express Entry Program.
Applicant candidates are required to meet the following minimum requirements:
- A candidate must have obtained minimum of one year of skilled, professional or technical work experience in Canada within 36 months of the date of application; and
- A candidate is required to achieve or surpass a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) of 5 (“initial intermediate”) or 7 (“adequate intermediate proficiency”), depending on the class level of the job; and
- Candidates must plan to live and work outside of the province of Quebec (individuals with work experience in Quebec and who plan to reside in Quebec would need to apply to the Quebec Experience Class).
Applicants are permitted to remain in Canada while their application is in process. However, if a candidate has already returned to their country of origin, they are still able to submit an application for the Canadian Experience Class, as long as they submit their application within three years of the end of their job term in Canada.
The Canadian Experience Class prerequisite obligations are based on a pass or fail model. As long as the minimum requirements are met, the candidate applicant is qualified to enter the Express Entry pool.
It is to be noted that self-employment and work experience gained while a candidate was a full-time student (for example, an internship or on a co-op work term) does not count under this program.
A Popular Option for International Students
Another benefit of the Canadian Experience Class applies to many international graduates. The fastest and easiest way to obtaining permanent residence in Canada is the Canadian Experience Class program.
After graduating a program or course of study at an educational institution in Canada, many international graduates are eligible to remain in Canada on post-graduate work permits. If a graduate obtains at least one year of work in a skilled, professional or technical field; during this post-graduate work time, the graduate may be eligible to enter the Express Entry Program pool under the Canadian Experience Class.
IMPROVE YOUR PROFILE AND RANKING
All Candidates in the Express Entry Pool have a rank according to the Comprehensive Ranking System, which provides a rank for all candidates, using these components:
[Paragraph 8 (1) (a) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) lists certain core human capital factors. Source: Citizenship and Immigration]
- CORE HUMAN CAPITAL FACTORS;
- Level of Education
- Official Language Proficiency
- Canadian Work Experience
- COMMON-LAW PARTNER FACTORS;
- ACCOMPANYING SPOUSE, if applicable;
- SKILL TRANSFERABILITY FACTORS;
- FACTORS RELATING TO A PROVINCIAL NOMINATION;
- QUALIFYING OFFER OF ARRANGED EMPLOYMENT;
- CANADIAN STUDY EXPERIENCE;
- A SIBLING IN CANADA;
- AND/OR FRENCH LANGUAGE ABILITY.
A TOTAL OF 1,200 POINTS ARE AVAILABLE UNDER THE COMPREHENSIVE RANKING SYSTEM.
The Canadian Government, Provincial Government and Canadian Businesses choose candidates from the Express Entry Pool by their ranking. Candidates are encouraged to improve his or her ranking in order to amplify his or her chances of acquiring an Invitation to Apply for Permanent Residence.
CONGRATULATIONS FOR RECEIVING YOUR INVITATION TO APPLY FOR AND SUBMIT YOUR APPLICATION FOR PERMANENT RESIDENCE!
You have a high CRS score and have been chosen by the Canadian government, provincial governments and Canadian businesses, to apply for and submit your Application for Permanent Residence. What is your next step?
Chosen candidates now have only 90 days, (previously 60) to complete and submit their electronic permanent residence application. The IRCC’s directive is to process applications in a period of six months from the date of submission.
Candidates are required to ensure they complete and submit all necessary forms and all supporting documents within this time period. Upon completion of the application process, successful candidates along with their spouse and children, will arrive or land in Canada as permanent residents.
Express Entry Pool Candidates, who fail to receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence in Canada, may resubmit their profile and re-enter the pool, after 12 months. But only if they still fit the criteria of a minimum of one of the economic immigration programs.
HOW CANDIDATES CAN PREPARE FOR EXPRESS ENTRY
Canadian Society Express Entry Candidates should take an avid interest in preparing to integrate into the society. Some ways candidates can prepare themselves are as follows:
- Candidates should study to prepare for language exams.
- IELTS testing may be requested at any time by a Canadian Immigration Visa Officer. This test may be a sole determining factor of whether or not the candidate will be eligible to immigrate to Canada. Preparation is essential to obtain the results required for candidacy.
- Candidates can study at their own convenience IELTS Preparation Online Course — to be sure they are prepared obtain the results required to immigrate to Canada.
- Testing also available in the French language Test d’évaluation du français (TEF), the Test de connaissance du français (TCF), and the Diplôme d’Études en Langue Française (DELF) to assist French speaking candidates.
- Candidate testing readiness available for Listening Proficiency, Reading Proficiency, Writing Proficiency and Speaking Proficiency.
- Candidates should have their foreign identification assessed conforming to Canadian standards.
- Candidates should familiarize themselves with the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) and access the free CRS Calculator tool to assess candidate readiness.
- Candidates must manage any medical inadmissibility or criminal inadmissibility concerns which may hinder the candidate’s ability to immigrate to Canada.
- Candidates should keep up to date with any available Provincial Nominee Programs which may align with the Candidate’s possible Express Entry.
- For candidates who do not already have a formal job offer, they should take part in actively seeking current career positions available across Canada via the Canada Visa Job Search tool.
PROVINCIAL NOMINEE PROGRAM (PNP)
A Canadian Province has nominated a candidate because they have a desire immigrate to Canada and settle in a certain province in Canada.
Provincial nomination is an important fast-track option for Canadian permanent residence.
The Federal Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) allows Canadian provinces and territories nominate individual immigration candidates, who wish to immigrate to Canada, and wish to make their new home in a particular Canadian province or territory.
With the exception of Quebec (who’s immigration selection system differs from the rest of Canada, and two territories) each has their own individual exclusive Provincial Nominee Programs. The Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) signs agreements with each associating province and territory, which permits the province or territory to choose the immigrant candidates who have achieved the requirements set by the province or territory.
With the assistance of the Provincial Nominee Programs, Provinces and Territories have been able to more adequately and completely introduce and welcome these candidates to their new homes. Each Provincial Nominee Program includes all agreed upon requirements for the candidates nominated, to settle into everyday life in the province or territory and to interact successfully within the community
The Federal Express Entry Immigration Selection System has incorporated at least one immigration stream, aligned with the Provincial Nominee Programs, since 2015. These immigration streams are known as “enhanced nominations”.
A candidate nominee must first receive a Provincial Nomination Certificate from a province or territory, prior to submitting an application to immigrate to Canada. After being awarded a successful nomination by a Province or Territory, a separate application is required for submission to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) for your Canada Immigration Permanent Resident Visa. PNP application processing times often vary from one Canada Immigration Visa Office to another.
QUEBEC SELECTION CERTIFICATE
The province of Quebec does not contribute to nor do they nominate candidates from the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). Alternatively, the Federal Government of Canada, in conjunction with the Provincial Government of Quebec are partnered in a series of agreements where Quebec has laid down its own collection of candidate requirements for all economic immigrants with an intent to reside in Quebec. For more detailed information on the immigrant candidate requirements and agreements made between the Quebec Government Click Here.
Immigration Canada understands the importance of family and realizes there are many Canadian Citizens and Permanent Residents who have loved ones they would like to, and wish they were able to, bring to Canada.
To assist these people, the Canadian government has outlined a number of categories in which the dream of uniting families can become a reality. The Family Class Sponsorship, is meant to do just that.
Canada’s Family Class Sponsorship programs are Canada’s commitment to keeping families together wherever and whenever it is possible to do so. The Canadian government has committed to providing some of the most benevolent family consolidating systems and programs in the world.
The Canadian government has accounted for a wide variety of relationships that meet the requirements for Family Class Sponsorship. Some of these relationships include spouses and common-law partners, parents and grandparents, and dependent children. For grandparents and parents, eligible candidates should try to meet the requirements for the Super Visa program.
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada invites immigration candidates to explore Family Class Sponsorship options. We invite you to start a free Canadian Immigration assessment.
Which Family Class Sponsorship program is right for you?
- I have a grandparent or parent that I would like to bring to Canada.
Parents and Grandparents Sponsorship Program is the first of many ways to qualify to have a parent or grandparent join you in Canada. This program does have a yearly limit on the number of applications accepted. Once the limit is reached, applications for the Super Visa Program may still be submitted. This program allows grandparents and parents of applicants to come to, and stay in, Canada on extended multi-entry visas. These visas could last up to a total of 10 years.
No matter which program you choose, it is important that you ensure that the parent or grandparent achieves all eligibility requirements and the sponsor also, needs to achieve Canada’s sponsorship requirements.
To learn more about all the requirements for sponsorship and how the requirements can be met, start your free assessment today.
- I have my spouse or common law partner I would like to bring to Canada
In Canada, a spouse or common law partner may meet the requirements for one of two federal sponsorship programs: Federal Spousal Sponsorship Program: inland and Federal Spousal Sponsorship Program: outland. The federal Canadian process of having a spouse join you in Canada, can present different options to the applicant that should be carefully weighed. Each of those two options comes with its own advantages and disadvantages.
With either option the sponsor’s spouse or common law partner must achieve all eligibility requirements and the sponsor also, needs to achieve Canada’s sponsorship requirements.
There also may be a number of Provincial Family Class Sponsorship programs available to you. To learn more about all the requirements for sponsorship and how the requirements can be met, start your free assessment today.
- I have a dependent child that I would like to bring to Canada.
Canadian citizens or permanent residents who may have a dependent child abroad that they would like to have join them in Canada, the sponsor may be able to do so under Canada’s Dependant Child Sponsorship Program. As with all sponsorship programs, it is important that the dependent must achieve all eligibility requirements and the sponsor also, needs to achieve Canada’s sponsorship requirements.
To find out if a sponsor is eligible for one of the Family Class programs, available to you. To learn more about all the requirements for sponsorship and how the requirements can be met, start your free assessment today.
- I have another relative or friend that I would like to bring to Canada.
On occasion, one of the Canadian provinces or territories may offer Canadian immigration options for relatives of a Canadian citizen or permanent resident.
Canadian programs for immigration may change without notice. To learn more about all the programs available to a sponsor or candidate, along with the requirements needed for each program, start your free assessment today and the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada will match individual qualifications and goals against any programs currently available.
ATLANTIC IMMIGRATION PILOT PROGRAM
The Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has introduced a new program called Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program in the Canadian immigration process.
The federal government together with the governments of Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island have committed to welcome approximately 7,000 new immigrants and their families to the Atlantic region of Eastern Canada, through this program, in the next three years.
Canada’s Minister of Immigration held meetings with the Provincial Premiers (heads of government) of the Atlantic provinces. They worked together to secure an advanced immigration pilot program for the region, in July 2016. The federal and provincial government recognize these provinces need more new arrival immigrants who are able to secure themselves in the local labour market and local communities.
The three-year test pilot program has been negotiated between the federal governments and the provincial governments in the Atlantic provinces, to help address resource openings which many sectors are facing. In addition, the hope is to help businesses allure and keep global talent. The program will also aid population growth, help to cultivate a more diverse skilled workforce, and raise employment rates in the region.
The pilot program forms part of an all-encompassing Atlantic Growth Strategy which will focus on the following five priority areas:
- Skilled workforce and immigration;
- Trade and investment; and
- Clean growth and climate change.
The Government of Canada introduced multi-year immigration targets for 2018-2020, on November 1, 2017, the with specific allocations for the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program.
Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program: the next steps
All principal applicants arriving in Canada under the pilot program will have a job offer from a designated employer and an individualized settlement plan for themselves and their family.
HOW THE PILOT PROGRAM WORKS
The AIPP is an employer-driven program. Many employers in these provinces have committed to having significant involvement in the process and the progress of the program.
Employers are exempt from obtaining a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) under this program. Once a candidate is chosen by a designated employer. The candidate meets the employment requirements and the requirements of the program criteria, that employer will then offer the candidate a job.
The candidate accepts the job and the employer will connect the candidate with a ‘designated settlement service provider organization”. This organization will conduct a needs assessment and will also develop a settlement plan.
Employers will also support the long-term integration of the new immigrant and his or her family, if applicable, so the newcomers are able to achieve the goals of their individual settlement plan, once they arrive in Canada.
Through the AIPP, employers who require a job vacancy filled quickly, will have access to a temporary work permit, which will enable the candidate and his or her family can come to Canada as soon as they are able.
In order to acquire the temporary work permit, candidates will need the following:
- A valid job offer from the employer;
- A letter from the province; and
- A commitment, from the candidate, to apply for permanent residence within 90 days of the temporary work permit application.
Skilled immigrants for hire by designated employers, under the pilot program, must apply to the province(s) to receive designation. Employers with multi-province locations will need a separate a designation for each province.
Employers must also achieve stipulated requirements. Which will include a commitment, by the designated employer, to support the newcomer and their family as they acclimate into their new life in Atlantic Canada.
To learn more about AIPP employer designation, click here.
The Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program has endorsed two programs for skilled workers:
- Atlantic High-Skilled Program (AHSP)
- Atlantic Intermediate-Skilled Program (AISP)
International student graduates can apply for this program:
- Atlantic International Graduate Program (AIGP)
Applications as an international student graduate or a worker will determine the work experience, education, and job offer required. The other requirements remain the same for both.
Other ways to immigrate to Atlantic Canada
The Atlantic provinces have become more active in immigration during recent years, principally through Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs). Through these programs, many newcomers have been welcomed to the Atlantic provinces. The wide range of skilled workers, graduates who have studied in Canada, and business immigrants such as entrepreneurs, who have become applicants has been an encouraging sign.
The four Atlantic provinces have completed at least one PNP stream aligned with the federal government Express Entry Program, since 2015, enabling candidates in the Express Entry pool who might also eligible to immigrate through one of these streams to make an application to immigrate to the given province.